Monthly Archives: December 2013

The Volcker Rule

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by James Stefanile, ABR, GRI, SRES, QSC, gCertified, REALTOR/Salesperson, Prudential New Jersey Properties, Montclair, New Jersey

I don’t usually publish twice in the same month (I’m amazed that anyone reads this stuff once a month…) but, it seems, I can’t pick up the newspaper lately without another example of “banks gone wild”.

The latest example is the big banks’ reaction to the regulatory adoption of the so called “Volcker Rule”, named after former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker, which is part of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.  As this December’s other post explored regarding mortgage risk, this is another example of the financial industry trying to outwit any attempt to rein it in.  I thought it best to get my feelings about this issue off my chest this month so we won’t have month after month of this grimness and can get back to other real estate topics in 2014.

Paul Volcker

Paul Volcker

In short, the Volcker rule prohibits banks from proprietary trading which is the banks’ risky trading for their own gain.  Many of the toxic derivative trades that contributed to the Great Recession of 2008 were these type of trades as were the so-called “London whale trades” of 2012 where JP Morgan Chase lost 6 billion dollars as the result of a chancy proprietary trade.  The intent of the rule is to avoid this kind of precarious, speculative behavior on the part of the banks in order to prevent another financial meltdown.

Here are this week’s news articles, starting December 8th:

http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/12/08/near-a-vote-volcker-rule-is-weathering-new-attacks/

http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/12/09/regulators-set-to-approve-tougher-volcker-rule/

http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/12/10/long-and-arduous-process-to-ban-a-single-wall-street-activity/

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/13/business/little-sympathy-for-big-banks.html

See what I mean?  Those are the articles in just a 4 day period this week.  The financial industry has been abuzz with this rule this past week because the 5 regulatory agencies that had to agree on the rule’s implementation voted unanimously this week on its regulations which are even tougher than anticipated and represents a potential shift in the balance of power in financial reform as regulators gain more leverage over the largest banks whose risky behavior in behemoth trades can impact the overall economy.

As you might expect, the banks are yowling in pain and instructing their lawyers to scour the law and its rules for loopholes they can wriggle though.  Remember what Pope Francis said about the financial industry when I quoted him in my earlier December post: “… ideologies which defend the absolute autonomy of the marketplace and financial speculation.  Consequently, they reject the right of states, charged with vigilance for the common good, to exercise any form of control.”  And here the banks go again, trying desperately to avoid being reined in for the good of the country, just as they did when they successfully subverted the section of the Dodd Frank law dealing with retaining mortgage risk.

As usual, The PBS Newshour  did a good job of encapsulating the issue with a piece they ran this week which set up a debate between Dennis Kelleher, President of the financial watchdog group Better Markets and Wayne Abernathy, Executive Vice President of the American Bankers’ Association.  Judge for yourself who won the debate:

Here again, the banking industry is presenting the fear based argument of a loss of credit capital in support their position.  What we should be afraid of, rather, is the unregulated and unfettered ability of the largest banks to send us all down the rabbit hole again, affecting every aspect of our financial lives.  Remember the last 5 years when your home lost half its value and you couldn’t get a mortgage?  That was the loss of capital and credit the banks are, now, saying will be the result of government regulation.  That 2008 debacle was their fault, not the government’s.  In fact, as was pointed out in the Newshour piece, the government (that’s you and me, pal) had to bail them out.  Remember, Mr. and Mrs. and Ms. big banker, when your own greed and stupidity put you and the rest of us on our knees?  The banks are saying “trust us” to the possibility of that happening again.  I say, as Ronald Reagan said, “trust but verify” and that’s what the Volcker Rule regulation is all about in this case – government oversight of an industry that has proven itself cavalier and untrustworthy in pursuit of its own profit to the detriment of us all.

Perhaps, with the implementation of renewed government oversight, we can approach the new year with some confidence in a stable financial future for this country.  On that hopeful note please accept my best wishes for the holiday season and for a happy new year.

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Greed, Risk and the Pope

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by James Stefanile, ABR, GRI, SRES, QSC, gCertified, REALTOR/Salesperson, Prudential NJ Properties, Montclair, NJ

As if there wasn’t enough to dislike about the banking industry, they’ve done it again!

A major reform in the recent Dodd-Frank financial overhaul law (Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act) was risk retention for the banks for mortgages they grant.  It’s called “skin in the game”.  For all but the safest loans, the originating financial institution  connected to the loan had to keep a stake in it if it was securitized and sold to investors. If such a loan went bad, then that original lender would suffer along with those who bought securities containing it.  Congress’ intention in passing this law was, clearly, to promote responsible lending and to compel mortgagors to stand behind the financial bets they make which have an overall impact on our economy.

Now it appears the banking industry and its coalition partners have brought enough pressure on the regulators of the Dodd-Frank law to all but ensure that will not be the case.

The law established 3 tiers of mortgage loans.  QRM or “qualified residential mortgages” are the highest and safest category and there is no risk retention for the original mortgagor.  The next lower tier is QM or “qualified mortgages” which are riskier loans and a there’s a third, bottom category which is even riskier.  For both of these bottom tiers the originating bank had to keep some “skin in the game” if those loans were bundled into securities.

Banks and a coalition of “consumer advocacy” groups and, guess who?, my beloved National Association of REALTORS reacted fiercely enough to Congress’ passage of these rules that the regulators who must establish the enforcement of the law all but surrendered to the pressure.  The re-proposed regulations lump QRM and QM loans together into one category with no risk retention.  “The result,” Representative Barney Frank (retired), a co-author of the law, wrote in a comment letter, “would be two categories, those that fall below standards and probably shouldn’t be made, and those that could be made and would not be subject to risk retention.”

My main introduction to these issues was Floyd Norris’ column in The New York Times on November 28, 2013.  Read the column at:

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/29/business/mortgages-without-risk-at-least-for-the-banks.html

It’s easy to make loans if you don’t have to worry (or care) if they will be repaid.  That’s what a lack of risk retention is.  The banks collect fees from the borrower then sell the loan which is then securitized.  It was one of the major factors in the meltdown of 2008 and the ensuing foreclosure crisis and here we are giving the banks a free pass to do it all over again, despite the will of Congress.

Banks and their partners are, once again, promoting a fear based scenario where credit will be unavailable, low-income borrowers will be shut out and the housing recovery will be lost.  I’m afraid we REALTORS are coming down on the wrong side of the issue, as we have done in other issues in the past.  Read the National Association of REALTORS comment on the re-proposed rules at: http://www.realtor.org/news-releases/2013/10/realtors-to-regulators-aligning-qrm-with-qm-assures-safe-sound-mortgage-lending

Barney Frank

Barney Frank

The NAR postulates that combining QM and QRM rules will ensure sound lending practices.  I, for one, don’t know how you can come to that conclusion.  Giving in to the banks’ implied threats of a credit drought and the banks’ unwillingness to stand behind their underwriting will only set up a replay of the mess we are just emerging from.  Mr. Frank says, “I am not surprised [that] the overwhelming majority of commenters who are interested in building, selling or promoting the sale of housing to lower-income people support effectively abolishing risk retention. I should note that if all of these people were correct in their collective judgment, we would not have had the crisis that we had.”

It’s what I call “blind capitalism”, capitalism’s demented cousin, where the pursuit of the bottom line is the only endeavor, elbowing out all other considerations of ethics, fairness and morality.  I have seen this blindness up close as some people my industry, people who I had regarded well in the past,  have put the love of lucre above all common sense and sense of values.  Once again, I am chagrined that, once again, we REALTORS have been so short-sighted, as we have also been in the emerging Eminent Domain strategy (see the August and October 2013 posts in this blog).

Pope Francis

Pope Francis

I was reading the Roman Catholic Church’s Pope Francis’ most recent treatise, his APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION EVANGELII GAUDIUM (what? you mean you don’t follow papal bulls?).  It’s basically an exhortation to the faithful to promote Catholic evangelicalism. What really caught my eye, however, was in Chapter 2 where His Holiness warns of a culture of greed and exclusion and has grave doubts about the unfettered pursuit of wealth.  He says, “… some people continue to defend trickle-down theories which assume that economic growth, encouraged by a free market, will inevitably succeed in bringing about greater justice and inclusiveness in the world.  This opinion, which has never been confirmed by the facts, expresses a crude and naïve trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power and in the sacralized workings of the prevailing economic system.”  He goes on to say, “… a globalization of indifference has developed” and “While the earnings of a minority are growing exponentially, so too is the gap separating the majority from the prosperity enjoyed by those happy few.  This imbalance is the result of ideologies which defend the absolute autonomy of the marketplace and financial speculation.  Consequently, they reject the right of states, charged with vigilance for the common good, to exercise any form of control.  A new tyranny is thus born, invisible and often virtual, which unilaterally and relentlessly imposes its own laws and rules.”

Wow! If that isn’t what the first few paragraphs of this post were about, then I don’t know what was.  The “unilateral” and “relentless” pursuit of profit above all other consideration.

You can read the Pope’s message below:

Pope-Francis-s-Nov-24-2013-Evangelii-Gaudium

I’m not particularly religious and have never seen myself as committedly altruistic.  I will hope for the status of  “reclaimable sinner” by saying the Pope’s words touched me in a significant way.  This strikes at the heart of what kind of people we want to be, of what kind of society we want to live in.  Whether we are so blinded by greed that all other concerns are lost.

Rush Limbaugh

In response to the Pope’s message, radio talk show host and conservative mouthpiece Rush Limbaugh declared, “This is just pure Marxism coming out of the mouth of the Pope.”  On economics, he says, the Pope is “totally wrong, I mean dramatically, embarrassingly, puzzlingly wrong.”  Well, if Limbaugh doesn’t like it I think the Pope is really on to something and I say “Hooray for His Holiness!”  Anyone who can give Rush Limbaugh agita has got my vote.

As I write this we are in the midst of the end of year holiday shopping season, a time so consumed by spending and acquisition that we can’t escape the drumbeat of media exhortations to buy, buy, buy.  Many of us have long lists of expensive obligations to family and friends.  If your family and friends have such expectations – you need new family and friends.  I recently saw a young woman laden down with many shopping bags from a holiday buying binge and she looked as unhappy as any person I’ve ever seen.  We are hypnotized by our culture of consumerism and acquisition of wealth and its perversion of  “the pursuit of happiness”.  We so blinded by our conformity that we are not even aware of those who would lead us down the garden path of the “fairness of the unregulated marketplace”.

Emily Esfahani Smith

Emily Esfahani Smith

Jennifer L. Aaker

Jennifer L. Aaker

But, there is always hope, I suppose.  In the Sunday Review section of the November 30th New York Times, the essay “Millennial Searchers” by  Emily Esfahani Smith and Jennifer L. Aaker concludes that ” today’s young adults have been forced to rethink success so that it’s less about material prosperity and more about something else… rather than chasing the money, they appear to want a career that makes them happy,” and further, “Millennials appear to be more interested in living lives defined by meaning than by what some would call happiness.”  Read the essay at:
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/01/opinion/sunday/millennial-searchers.html?partner=rss&emc=rss

Maybe this, at last, will be the generation that wakes up from its Matrix-like slumber and demands accountability and fairness in the financial marketplace.  Let’s hope that generation’s REALTORS will also break free of their somnolent tethers and awaken as well.

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